Entry & Departure
Visitors will need a single-visit visa to enter Egypt. The visa is valid for 90 days. If the planned trip involves travel in
and out of Egypt over the same period, then the best option is a multiple-visit visa. Obtaining a visa is pretty straightforward. It can
simply be arranged in advance through one of the Egyptian consulates dotted around the world or purchased on entry at Cairo or Luxor
airports. All visitors will need to have a passport which must have at least six months remaining of its validity on the date of entry.
Egypt, like all other countries, apply strict customs rules about bringing items such as alcohol and cigarettes into the country, so to
avoid any misunderstandings it is probably advisable to buy at an airport shop. Under no circumstances should you attempt to leave the
country with antiquities.
There are no vaccinations needed to visit Egypt. Sunburn and dehydration can be avoided by using plenty of sun cream,
wearing light cotton clothing and a hat, and drinking lots of water. The health care facilities in Egypt are generally good and it is
advisable to have health insurance.
The Nile Valley region stretches nearly 1532 kilometres and as such the weather can differ quite considerably from
Alexandria on the coast in the north, along the river to Luxor, Aswan or Abu Simbel further south. Generally, though, the climate in the
Nile Valley is moderate with lots of sunshine and very few rainy days, unlike the desert areas that have much hotter temperatures. Between
the months of July and August the sun is at its hottest. Average temperatures in Cairo are around 25-35o C (95o F),
while in Luxor they are 30-40o C (107.6o F) and in Aswan hotter still at 31-42o C (107.6o F).
Egypt’s electricity works on 220v with sockets being of the two-pin European mainland variety. It’s a good idea to pack an
adaptor if planning to use personal items like mobile phone chargers.
The official language of Egypt is Arabic and other languages are widely spoken too, especially in tourist areas.
Money & Credit cards
The currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound, which is divided into 100 piasters. Cash is generally easily obtained from
ATMs, which can be found in larger towns and cities. Most of the major hotels and stores accept credit cards, such as Visa and Mastercard,
along with travellers’ cheques and certain foreign currencies like euro, sterling and dollars. If venturing off the beaten track you will
find that generally only the Egyptian pound in cash will be accepted.
Egypt is two hours ahead of GMT.